Body Mass Index (BMI)
Body Mass Index (BMI) is a measure of a person’s weight relative to their height. This measurement is often used by health professionals to classify a patients’ weight. (refer table below)
It is often used by Bariatric (obesity) surgeons to help determine if an obesity surgical procedure is justified and to assist in determining the right surgical option.
- BMI does not differentiate between body fat and muscle mass. Therefore, body builders and people who have a lot of muscle bulk will have a high BMI but are not overweight or obese.
- Fat predominantly distributed around the waist is also a risk factor for health complications such as cardiovascular disease and type II diabetes. Fat predominantly deposited around the hips and buttocks doesn’t have the same risk.